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Disclaimer: "Kai's Japanese Lessons", along with later "Nihongo Lessons," is not endorsed by an educational supervisor. This form of "education" will not be eligible for school transcripts, etc.

Note: Reading this blog will not, in any way, help you understand the SAO wiki more than you can. However, it may help you define some Japanese terms written with the {{nihongo}} template (but most terms will not be addressed this early in the lessons).

Welcome to Kai Socrius's first Nihongo lesson! This lesson will introduce:

Hiragana Table

Please take the time to memorize the hiragana table. This is the most essential part of the Japanese Language, as all words and syllables are derived from this "alphabet."

Hiragana chart

The Correct Pronunciation

あ/ア, い/イ, う/ウ, お/オ are not pronounced as English users would pronounce them. え/エ is the only exception, with pronunciation "eh" as in "egg".

Japanese Hiragana Wrong Pronunciation Wrong Pron. Example Right Pronunciation Right Pron. Example
あ/ア "ah" astronaut "aw" awesome
い/イ "ih" igloo "ee" eerie
う/ウ "uh" umbrella "oo" loop
お/オ "aw" odd oh load

However, the K, S, T, N, H, M, Y, R, and W Hiragana all follow their standard English pronunciations.

Note:There is no yi (replaced with い/イ) and ye (replaced with え/エ).
The same goes for wi (い/イ), wu (う/ウ), we (え/エ). Though these W pronunciations used to exist in the Japanese language, but have since been superseded.

Vocabulary: Japanese Vocabulary


"This," "That," and "That over there" will be re-introduced later, for lack of vocabulary.

Japanese Word Japanese pronunciation English
私 (わたし)

俺 (おれ)
I, Me (universal)
僕 (ぼく)
ボク (ぼく)
Kanji is usually not used. The katakana version is used instead.)
(boku) I, Me (menial)
(Male use)
If a female uses this pronoun, she is considered a tomboy.
君 (あなた)
You (polite)

彼 (かれ) kare He (3rd person)
Noun: boyfriend (informal)
彼女 (かのじょ) kanojo She (3rd person)
Noun: girlfriend (informal)
この kono This «Noun»
Close to the speaker
その sono That «Noun»
<Close to the one being spoken to
あの ano That (over there) «Noun»
Away from both parties


The sentence structures of most of the particles will be addressed later, for lack of vocabulary.

Japanese Character Japanese pronunciation English
The hiragana may be "ha" but is known as "wa" as a particle
«Particle marking the topic of a sentence»
ka «Particle marking a question» (in formal speech)
«Particle marking alternatives»
Literally: or
ga «Particle marking the subject of a sentence»
to «Particle marking additional objects» (universal)
Literally: «Noun 1» and «Noun 2»
de «Particle marking a location»
Literally: at
«Particle marking a means to do something»
Literally: using, with
ni «Particle marking time»
«Particle marking a location»
«Particle marking direction»
«Particle marking an indirect object»
Literally: to, at
no «Particle marking possessiveness»
mo «Particle marking likewise action»
Literally: also
The hiragana may be "he" but is known as "e" as a particle
«Particle marking direction»
Literally: toward
ya «Particle marking additional, usually inanimate, objects» (situational)
Literally: «Noun 1» and «Noun 2», etc.
The hiragana may be "wo" but is known as "o" as a particle
«Particle marking the direct object of a sentence»
desu (formal)
da (informal)

«Ending particle»: am, is, are
«By itself» (only works with です): I agree, that is correct (colloquial)
Note: Leaving this particle off is fine. Using it means formality, or to show the end of a sentence.

Sentence Structure


Structure Definition
«Noun 1» は «Noun 2» です。 «Noun 1» is/am/are «Noun 2».


Example Example pronunciation English
わたし は SAOの プレイヤ です。 WATASHI WA SAO NO PUREIYA DESU. I am an SAO player.
ぼく は カイ です。 BOKU WA KAI DESU I am Kai.
Note: You will find that I will never use "boku" for myself... anywhere else.
わたくし は かやば あきひこ です。 WATAKUSHI WA KAYABA AKIHIKO. I am Akihiko Kayaba.
Note: Japanese names are spelled «Family name, Given name».
おれ は キリト です。 ORE WA KIRITO DESU I am Kirito.
かれ は クライン です。 KARE WA KURAIN DESU. He is Klein.
かのじょ は アスナ です。 KANOJO WA ASUNA DESU. She is Asuna.
キリト は ビータ です。 KIRITO WA BIITA DESU. Kirito is a beater.

This concludes Lesson One. If you do not fully understand something, please feel free to leave a comment below. I will reply in 24-hour's time.

では, 次回 まで。 (では、 じかい まで。 // Then, until next time.)

- Kai Socrius (1caiser) (talk)

» To Week 2

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